Myelo-displastic syndrome is group of diseases at which marrow is incapable to make enough healthy cells of blood. At this syndrome normal erythrocytes, leucocytes and thrombocytes are not formed of stem cells.
Erythrocytes transport oxygen and carbon dioxide, leucocytes are responsible for fight against infections, thrombocytes form bloody clots and prevent bleedings. At deficiency of blood cells there can easily be infection, anemia or bleeding.
At myelo-displastic syndrome in blood and marrow there are few healthy cells of blood. Myelo-displastic syndrome develops after radiation therapy (in patients with tumors), treatment by medicines toxicant for marrow in elderly patients. Also white skin color, male gender, tobacco smoking, contact to pesticides, solvents, gasoline, effect of heavy metals (mercury, lead) refer to risk factors.
Myelo-displastic syndrome can be shown by weakness, tiredness, dyspnea. Patient’s skin is acyanotic; bruises are formed even at minor injuries. Increased bleeding sickness becomes perceptible; under skin flat punctual bruises with dimensions about pin head (petechias) are visible. Sometimes increased body temperature, often there are infectious diseases. All these symptoms require thorough examination of the patient.