The iron deficiency anemia (anemia) develops at weak supply of iron or chronic loss of blood when there is an absolute decrease of reserves of iron in organism.
Hemorrhage is the main cause of anemia. Regular small losses happen at stomach ulcer, hemorrhoids, long and plentiful menses, urolithiasis and inflammations in kidneys, hemodialysis in patients with renal failure.
The disadvantage of iron happens practically at all adherents of vegetarianism. But even at the sufficient use of iron with nutrition its relative shortage can arise during pregnancy, breast-feeding, intensive body growth, sport trainings.
At an iron deficiency anemia erythrocytes (red bloody cells) look cyanotic under in microscope, are reduced in dimensions.
Patients complain of weakness, working capacity decrease, sleepiness. At severe anemia syncope is possible. The food faddism, dryness of tongue, swallowing disorder, feeling of foreign matter in pharynx is observed. There is a dyspnea, frequent heartbeat. The skin and hair is dry, fingernails become fragile. Skin is cyanotic with a greenish shade and blush of cheeks. Hair is easily fractured, thin, early turn gray. Muscular weakness, which is absent at other types of anemia, is typical. There are atrophic changes in mucosa. Appetite is reduced. There is a need for salty, sour and spicy food. Sometimes the patient eats chalk, lime, ice, raw cereals. After taking iron drugs symptoms quickly disappear.
For treatment of iron deficiency anemia it is necessary to eliminate its causes, to accept iron medicines, to keep a diet (meat, liver).